Three Panipat Battles which changed the history of India

In Medieval India, Delhi was the most important political centre and Panipat was an ideal Battleground near Delhi. The invaders who entered from North West part of India and attacked Delhi have often encountered strong Indian resistance. The Three Big Battles at Panipat which changed the course of Indian history are explained below.

 First Battle of Panipat:

The first battle of Panipat was fought between Invading forces of Babur and the ruler of Delhi sultanate Ibrahim Lodi. Back home Babur was struggling to establish a strong kingdom. He focused his attention towards the east and conquered Kabul in 1504. Daulat Khan Lodi the political opponent of Ibrahim Lodi and the governor of Lahore invited Babur to overthrow Ibrahim Lodi. In the battle, Babur set up a trap and disintegrated the Ibrahim Lodi’s Army. Babur was the first king who ended the outdated ways of war and used canons in the battle. Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodi at the First Battle of Panipat in 1526 and founded the Mughal Empire. Ibrahim Lodi was killed on the Battleground.

Second Battle of Panipat:

The second battle of Panipat was fought between the ruler of Rajputana king Hemu and the Army of Mughal Emperor Akbar in1556. Humayun lost is an empire to Sher Shah Suri who established the Sur Empire in 1540. After the death of Sher Shah Suri in 1553 the war of succession broke out. In this situation Humayun made quick advances and recaptured the territory lost by him. When Humayun died on 26 January 1556, Hemu conquered the Mughal territory. Upon hearing the defeat of Mughal army Akbar and his guardian Bairam Khan prepared to recapture Delhi. They looted the poorly guarded Hemu’s artillery which was being transported. In the second Battle of Panipat, Mughal army had only 10,000 cavalries with them but the looted artillery was very advantageous. The king Hemu had 30,000-strong cavalry and 500 war elephants. In the war when king Hemu was about to win the war he was wounded by an arrow and fell unconscious. King Hemu was captured and beheaded by Bairam Khan.

Third Battle of Panipat:

The third battle of Panipat was the biggest of the three battles involving over 125,000 troops fought at Panipat on 14 January 1761. The war was fought between Maratha army led by Sadashivrao Bhau and invader Ahmad Shah Abdali. The political unawareness of Sadashivrao Bhau, divided Maratha forces were the main reasons for defeat of Maratha Army.  After the battle was over Hindus were massacred in large scale by Abdali’s Army. The women chose to jump into the well to avoid the tortures of Abdali’s Army.   The bodies of Vishwasrao and Bhau were recovered by the Marathas and were cremated according to their custom.

Indian Philosophy

India has always been a land of seekers. Hindu religious books have answered the most basic question ever occurred to mankind, Where do we come from and what should we do to attain salvation. For Hindus, the ultimate goal of life is to attain Moksha. Indian philosophical schools stressed on the fulfilment of four goals Arth, Dharma, Kama and Moksha.

The two major schools of Philosophy are Orthodox school and Heterodox school of thought. The orthodox school of thought is based on Vedas and has six sub schools called as Shada Darshana. The Heterodox school of thought questioned the Vedas and existence of God.

The six Orthodox subschools are,

Samkhya School:

The Samkhya Sutra written by great Indian sage Kapil Muni explains salvation through knowledge. It said lack of knowledge is the root cause of all the suffering. It believed in Dualism or Davitvada.

Yoga School:

the word Yoga literally means union. Yoga is the union of physicalmental, and spiritual practices which originated in ancient India.

Nyaya School:

This school explains salvation through the technique of Logical Thinking.

Vaisheshika School:

Vaisheshika school is known for its insights into Naturalism and it is a form of atomism in natural philosophy. Vaisheshika explains how ones experiences are derived from dravya (substance), guna(quality),karma (activity), samanya (commonness),vishesha (particularity), amavaya (inherence).

Mimamsa School:

the word Mimamsa literally means reasoning and interpretation. This school believes the eternal truth in Vedas and stresses on the fulfilment of duties prescribed by Vedas to attain salvation.

Vedanta School:

this school of thought is based on Upanishads. It explains the similarity of nature of the self and Bramh. This school believes if one attains the knowledge of the self then he automatically attains Bramha.

The three Heterodox sub Schools are,

Buddist Philosophy: this school is founded by Gautam Buddha who was born in 563 BCE at Lumbini (Nepal). Buddhism speaks of four noble truths. First, there is suffering in Human life. Second, the fundamental cause of all the suffering is Desire. Third, he advises us to destroy passion and love for materialistic life. Fourth, the liberation can be attained through eightfold path explained in Buddhism.

Jain Philosophy:

the Jain Philosophy first told by Rishabha Deva, the first Tirthankara ( wise Person). There are 24 tirthankar and twenty-fourth being the Mahavira around 500 BCE. Jainism believes that right perception and knowledge combined with right conduct can help to attain salvation.

Charvaka School or Lokayata Philosophy:

Brihaspati was the founder of this school of thought. It was among the first school of thought which propagated materialistic view to achieving salvation. This school does not consider ‘Eather’ as one of the elements of earth because it cannot be experienced through perception.

Indian Literature

Indian literature comprises of religious Sanskrit scripts as well as literature in regional languages. Since ancient times the religious knowledge in Sanskrit has been transferred orally through generations. Here in this article, we will summarize the work different sages, poets, philosophers in Sanskrit as well as regional languages.

*Vedic Literature

Vedic literature comprises of four Vedas, Upanishads and other Sanskrit literature.

Rig-Veda: Rig-Veda is the oldest of four Vedas consisting of 1028 Vedic Sanskrit hymns. It is mainly focused on the subject of life, death, creation and sacrifice.

Atharva Veda: It is mainly known for its focus on the treatment of different ailments, traditional Indian medicine and issues related to everyday life of a householder.  it is a collection of 730 hymns.

Yajur Veda: Yajurveda concentrates on rituals and sacrifices to be made in Yajna.

Sama Veda: It is the Veda of songs and ways of reciting the mantras. It consists of Hymns, Raga (musical notes) and Raginis.

*Literature in Pali and Prakrit

The Buddhist and Jain religious books are mainly written in Pali and Prakrit.

*Literature in regional languages:

Tamil (Sangam) Literature:

The kingdom of Pandya called assemblies of poets and writers. These assemblies are known as Sangam and the literature produced in these assemblies is called Sangam Literature. Thiruvalluvar was a celebrated Tamil Philosopher best known for his work ‘Tirukkuṛaḷ’ a collection of couplets on ethics, political and economic matters, and love.

Kokasandisan and Bhasa Kautilya are the major works of Malayalam Literature in the medival period.

Kannada Literature: the Ratnatraya or the three gems of Kannada Literature are the three renowned poets Pampa, Ponna and Ranna,

Bengali and Odia literature:

Mangal Kavyas are the Hindu religious text of Bengali literature written in medieval period. Bankim Chandra Chatterjee was the famous nationalist Bengali writer. Our national song Vande Mataram was an expert taken from his novel. Shankerdev composed devotional poetry in Assamese.

Gujarati, Rajasthani and Sindhi literature:

Gujarat was known for the Bhakti movement and this movement has influenced the Gujarati literature. The renowned saint Narsinh Mehta has composed devotional songs for Lord Krishna. Dingal and Pingal are the two main types of fictional writings in Rajasthani. Sant Mirabai’s devotional literature in Rajasthani is very famous. Sindhi literature is influenced by the culture of Rajasthan and Gujarat. One of the prominent writers of Sindhi literature was Dewan Kauramal.

Halloween: Another Christian Digestion of Pagan Festival

The time of the year when Christians around the world are waiting to experience the spirits of the dead in the living world is called Halloween, celebrated annually on 31 October.

The origin of Halloween dates back to the pre-Christian period of Pagan religion.

It is believed that Halloween (contraction of All Hallows‘ Evening) also known as Allhalloween, All Hallows’ Eve, or All Saints’ Eve is originated from ancient Celtic harvest festivals, particularly the Gaelic festival “Samhain” . The ancient festival of Samhain marked the end of the harvest season and beginning of winter. It was seen as a darker period of the year when the spirits of the dead could visit the living world. The edible offerings such as food, drinks or portion of crops are used to be kept outside the home for the spirits.

The ‘Cultural Digestion’ as mentioned by Rajiv Malhotra (Infinity Foundation) is digestion of a less dominant culture by a more dominant culture is motivated by the desire to assimilate and reduce differences by asserting sameness. As a consequence, the less dominant culture is stripped of its distinctive, traditional cultural practices and values. These are now a component of the dominant culture and become associated with it. Memories of origins are erased and, eventually, the less dominant culture disappears.

In fact the Bible does not mention Halloween. The festival Samhain was Christianized by early Church and celebrated as Halloween. Today’s Halloween customs are largely influenced by Christian religious practices. The next day after Halloweens eve, Christians celebrate All Hallows’ Day (also known as All Saints’ or Hallowmas) on 1 November and All Souls’ Day on 2 November. This is the time of the year for honouring the saints and praying for the recently departed souls who have yet to reach the Heaven.

Over the years there were many changes in the way Halloween is being celebrated. People celebrate Halloween by making different food dishes, they buy Halloween costumes, play Halloween themed games and eat candy. We see people in Halloween costumes taking candy from door to door in the evening. At many places, Halloween parade with people dressed in different costumes is taken out. The festival Samhain marked the preparations for saving the crops and food for winter but today in Halloween we see wastage of food and resources. Earlier Halloween was about the spirits of dead ancestors, today it is all about Halloween costumes, candy and scary pranks. Billions of dollars are spent on Halloween costumes and candy. The National Retail Federation survey forecasted that spending on Halloween celebrations will be $9.1 billion in USA.

The obsession with ‘accumulating the things’ encouraged by various ad campaigns especially during festivals like Halloween is harmful not only to environment but also to mental health and happiness of the people.

A reasonable spending on spending on Halloween celebrations, less wastage of food and control over our eating habits will not only save environment but also increase our happiness in Halloween.

 

10 Cruel Invaders in Indian History

For past 1000 years, India has been invaded by many foreign rulers for India’s wealth and hatred towards Hindus. The historians throughout the world have ignored the mass killings of Hindus and loot of India’s wealth by invaders.

 

Below is the list of 10 cruellest invaders in Indian History,

  1. Muhammad Ghaznavi (November 971 – 30 April 1030):

Mahmud of Ghazni was the Persian invader from the Ghaznavid Empire. He invaded and looted North East part of India 17 times. His first invasion of India came in the year 1001. In the year Ghazni looted and plundered the Somnath temple. He broke the sacred Shivlinga there and took away booty of 2million dinars. Somnath is one of the 12 jyotirlingas.

2  Muhammad Ghori (1149 – March 15, 1206):

Also known as Muhammad of Ghor, was Sultan of the Ghurid Empire. Prithviraj Chauhan defeated Ghori in the first battle of Tarain in 1191. Ghori begged for his life and Prithviraj Chauhan allowed him to go back. In 1192 Ghori came back again and in second battle of Tarain, he tried to win the battle by unlawful means. Knowing that the Rajputs don’t fight after sunset, he attacked Rajput camp in the night. Prithviraj Chauhan was captured and taken to Ghor. There he was tortured to death. His braveness is described in the Prithviraj Raso.

3 Alauddin Khilji (1296 – 1316):

He was the ruler of the Khalji dynasty of Delhi Sultanate. Kazi Mughisuddin of Bayánah advised Allauddin to convert Hindus, enslave or kill them as part of the religious war ‘ghazwa I Hind’ mentioned in religious books. He was brought up by his uncle Sultan Jalaluddin, the founder of  Khalji dynasty. He successfully suppressed the revolt by the governor of Kara Malik Chajju.

But afterwards, he himself conspired to dethrone Jalaluddin. To fund this he looted the wealth of Yadava Kingdom and attacked Devgiri. Unaware of the alaluddins plans Sultan Jalaluddin hoped that the loot will be presented to him. Alauddin apologized for not presenting the wealth to sultan and sent an invitation to meet him at Kara. There Alauddin killed Jalaluddin after pretending to greet the Sultan.

4 Feroz Shah Tughlaq (1309 – 20 September 1388):

Sultan Firuz Shah Tughlaq was from Tughlaq Dynasty and  ruled over the Delhi Sultanate. He doesn’t have any respect for other religions and destroyed many Hindu temples. Tughlaq’s administration has been described as the one of the of most corrupt in medieval India.

5 Sikandar Butshikan (1389–1413 CE)

Sikandar Shah Miri known as Sikandar Butshikan (“Sikandar the Iconoclast”), was the sixth sultan of the Shah Miri dynasty of Kashmir.  Sikandar was called but-shikan or idol-breaker because He destroyed many Hindu Temples. He is known as “Butcher Of Kashmir”. He ruthlessly converted the Hindus of Kashmir to Islam.

6 Akbar (15 October 1542 – 1605):

He was the third Mughal emperor and grandson of Babar. When Emperor Hemu lost the battle with Akbar, he was brutally killed by Akbar. He was lustful towards women and he built pyramids of heads of the soldiers killed in the battle.

7 Aurangzeb (3 November 1618 – 3 March 1707):

Muhi-ud-Din Muhammad known as Aurangzeb sixth and the last  Mughal emperor. he hated other religions, destroyed Hindu Temples. He responsible for the conversion of Hindus to Islam and mass killings of Hindus.  Aurangzeb killed his brother  Dara Shikoh because Dara Shikoh’ had respected other religions especially Hinduism. The Maratha Emperor Chatrapati Sambhaji was captured and tortured before killing by Aurangzeb. He executed Sikh leader Guru Tegh Bahadur on accounts of Blasphemy.

8 Ahmad Shah Abdali (c. 1722 – 16 October 1772):

Ahmad Shah Durrani also was known as Ahmad Khan Abdali was the founder of the Durrani Empire. He started his career as a soldier in the military of the Afsharid kingdom. He massacred Hindus and Shia Muslims. Ahmad Shah accompanied Nadir Shah in 1739 when he invaded India and was aware of the political situation in India. The Third Battle of Panipat was fought between Durrani’s Afghan forces and the Maratha army led by Sadashivrao Bhau and  Vishwasrao in January 1761. The device  Maratha army was the reason behind the defeat at Panipat. After the battle Abdali’s army killed many and taken women, children as slaves to Afganistan.

9 Nadir shah (August 1688 – 19 June 1747):

Nader Shah was Iranian ruler and Sha of Persia. Nadir Shah Invaded India in 1739 and in one day 20000 to 30000 Indians were killed by Nadir Shah’s forces. In this invasion, he looted vast treasure and  Koh-i-Noor and Darya-ye Noor diamonds. It is said that the amount of treasure seized from India was so much that Nader stopped taxation in Iran for a period of three years following his return.

10 Tipu Sultan (20 November 1750 – 4 May 1799):

Tipu Sultan also known as the Tiger of Mysore was a ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore. In second Anglo Mysore war in Tanjore, Haider Ali and Tipu Sultan are believed to have kidnapped 12000 children, destroyed the civilian properties. He was intolerant towards other religions.

 

How to Prepare a Study Timetable for JEE Mains

Clearing the JEE Mains is a herculean task for many. The negative marking system makes sure everyone dreads the exam and the complexity of the questions ensures stress and tensions within all. Statistics show that over 1,00,000 students give the examination in hopes of clearing and getting into the engineering stream irrelevant of the branch in which they choose to specialize in. Sadly, only 15,000 are able to get through and others are left hanging in Hows and whys.

So what can be done?

JEE preparation can be tough if not thought through smartly and wisely. It is very important for the candidate to plan out how all aspects of the syllabus that must be covered in the 2 year preparation time available. A JEE applicant must be ready to face the preparation time with all sincerity, utmost hard work and sensible planning. For this, it’s best to prepare a well-sorted Timetable.

What is the importance of a timetable?

A timetable, whose power if harnessed in the right way, can be the most important link to your JEE clearance. Sit down, grab a paper and pen and think through how a study timetable can be prepared that suits your college and class timings. The timetable will help you cover maximum planned syllabus in the allotted time thus keeping you one step ahead of the game.

What should be briefly thought through will preparing one?

A number of things must be thought through while preparing a timetable. Try first by enlisting the essentials:

  • The syllabus completion in the time that’s in your hand
  • Importance of equal distribution of dedication and time to each subject
  • A periodic that’s feasible with your study routines and ability that also pushes you to aim for higher

If you can master your Timetable making skills, the dream of scoring well in JEE is not too far.

What are the things that should be taken into consideration while preparing a timetable?

  1. Firstly, plan out a timetable that suits your bodily capabilities. Don’t be too unrealistic about it.
  2. Concentrate on clearing out your concepts to the maximum from your NCERT text first and keep a special period to solve JEE based questions on the matter you’ve studied that day itself.
  3. Prepare a timetable that’s comfortable to follow but also increases your productivity daily. Make sure you follow the events listed on your timetable carefully with the precision of about 95% if not more.
  4. Be sincere and true to yourself about the completion of syllabus and learning the matter.
  5. Allot a period in the week where you ask your peers or teachers your doubts and make sure you get them cleared.
  6. Miss out an event because you were busy with college/class submissions or a long-awaited movie or an exciting match was aired? Be prepared for such situations as well by studying overtime before or after that day or allow a specific slot of the weekend to make up for the stuff missed. Win some, lose some.
  7. Your timetable should also contain fair hours for sleeping, eating, exercising daily. A healthy body contributes to a healthy mind.
  8. Also, remember to have fun with it. This is one period of your life you won’t get back. Take it in a stride and strive to do your best. Don’t close off completely; be within crowds that discuss problems and make you ponder over equations. Be true to your learning process because that, in fact, is the purpose of all your efforts.

 

Decrease the Cost Of Inventory With E – Commerce

Day-to-day technology gets developments, currently, people  are using the internet to find any details about the products as well as services, it offers benefits for both business owners as well as customers.  At first, it is the comfortable way to find out the details about products, with this people can get every product details within seconds. It is the time-saving option, the e-commerce does not have any restrictions. It helps to meet your needs, moreover, the product, as well as services also easy and comfortable to locate, rather than that, will be delivered within a short period. You can products in e-commerce site like t-shirts online, home appliances etc.

Merits of E-Commerce for Business & Customers

  • With this customer can compare the products easily, at the same time they see who offers the products at best price, here they have a lot of options. With this, they find out the most comfortable options.

  • Easy to compare the products with others, all the products appear online along with complete details; it helps to compare complete details about the products. It is the great way to find the reviews. In the competitive world, people need to get the best products. It is the best way to find the coupons as well as deals. Every online business offers more discount options, it helps to meet your shopping needs. The products also available at best price.

  • When coming to your business e-commerce highly effective because it increases the customer base. It is one of the important factors, which help to gain more customers across the world. This also improves your sales.

  • Majority business people making more sales through online because it is the better way to get higher profit margin. With this, you can make huge money; it is the best way to provide the great shopping experience. It is the faster as well as efficient methods. It expands the business reach.  It is the best way to find the right marketing, with this you can get a number of consumers.

  • The customers also get the product details without leaving their home.It is the comfortable way to make payments, so it highly supports for purchase, the payments made easy as well as comfortable. It is the securable options to pay money.The business owner is also recurring payments to reduce the complexities.

  • As a result, the customer can find the most suitable payment methods based on the provider. In general, the billing process always carried over in a consistent way, of course, the payments also received from their customer in the same way.

  • It supports the instant transactions. The e-commerce reduces the time wastage, with this people no need to wait, people also have chances to pick the payment, which suits their needs. The online transactions are cleared and it is much faster when compared to others. It will take less time. The e-commerce always offers unique options to the business people, with this, they improve their brand image, by the way, they improve their popularity as well as sales percentage.

What Are Different Career Options After 12th?

When we are in school we always have a dream of future. When we reach class twelve the dream of future is no bright and wide enough. Now as soon we are going out of twelve we are going to look forward to a new life or the college life. There are different types of colleges in India which can offer wings to your dreams to future. After twelve it’s time to explore the new corridors of college life which comes with the marks, qualifications and interest. With a good performance in twelve final exams with that of similar excellent performance in the entrance exam, you can get a sit-in Top engineering or Medical colleges or can go for Basic Science College too.But it’s not easy to decide as we suggest someone on just asking to suggest. It requires the little bit of research and a lot of interest for that subject because it is going to be your future profession.

After twelve we are going for graduation that can be a science or arts or commerce that can also represent us by our work in the future. Although these are not the only ways out there are different another way out to have a good career and a good profession.

There are different options that can help you in deciding a better future after twelve.

The first point in the checklist is to choose the stream and consider its future scope. Always choose some subject which has some scope of higher education if someone is interested in research or study.If you are interested in science and passed out with PCM then you can go for professional courses such as architecture, engineering, design, and biotech or in Information and Communication Technology. If anyone is interested in pure sciences subject and want to have a degree in subjects such as physics, mathematics, chemistry, biology or statistics etc can also go for it. If some have PCB and have interest in medical studies then can go for MBBA in Ayurveda, Allopathic or in veterinary etc. Top B.tech Colleges in India are premium institutes for engineering.

  1. If one is interested in commerce subject that can go for B Com or Eco with Honors to be a financial expert in that sector. If someone is from arts stream then can deal with humanities and can go for BA. One can choose a certain subject to move in professional courses by appearing Entrance exam.Depending on the stream and entrance result one can take admissions in courses like law, fashion design etc which are not restricted to specific stream but depend on the interest of the person. One can also go for some different career is some is interested to serve for the county then can join the Armed forces or sit for NDA exams.
  2. You can even change stream if you are interested in higher education. One can change from science stream to commerce stream which is the easy way out but from commerce student, stream change may not be an easy one as it’s not possible in some education system in some countries.In commerce stream, you can go for BBA.

One can choose some professional course like Hotel Management, Law, Mass Communication, Management, Journalism or fashion design etc. These careers depend on personal interest and passion for these professions.

One can even choose a career in a vocational course like tourism, secretary, office administration etc which can also be chosen which also offer a good career choice for many.

  1. One needs to plan before he or she choose any stream and have a career dream in some college of your choice. One needs to prepare well for the admissions because it’s only done by going through the competitive process.
  2. After completion of Bachelor of Engineering, you can go for masters. Check out Top M.tech Colleges in Indialist which will help you to choose the best college.

So if you good and interested in some course and want to get admissions then don’t depend on people saying rather be confident on marks and scores of entrance exam. But try to consult some good career counsellor who can give you a good career picture, and that will help you to explore different career options as per your interest and confidence.They can help you to offer a better way that suits you and your talent with a lot of alternative ways to reach certain career goals and you don’t have to panic with the question what to do after passing class twelve. Collegedunia.com will help you while completing your studies.

Traditional vs. the Tiny Owl way

TinyOwl app is an initiative by TinyOwl Technology Private Limited with head office at Mumbai. Currently, the app gives service only to a few restricted Indian cities but regarding its fast growth and popularity, the developers are eyeing to expand the app service area. The app gives 24*7 days service hence you can place food orders any time of the day you want.

The main problem with the traditional way of food ordering is that it requires a lot of energy and it consumes much time as you have to manually place and confirm orders by calling a restaurant representative. And in that case, you also have to spend a lot of time to briefly explain your exact location. All these issues are answered and solved by this TinyOwl food ordering app. With the help of this app, you will be able to place food orders within a matter of just 30 seconds with only a few taps on your Smartphone screen.

Moreover, the traditional way does not allow you to check and compare the price of a similar dish between restaurants but with this app, you can check out and compare menu list of different restaurants for ultimately selecting the best available deal.

You also have the permission to place online food orders from multiple restaurants at a time but in that case, you have to make the payment one by one. In the traditional way of food ordering you have to make payment only by cash on delivery but with this app, you have flexible payment options such as NEFT or credit/debit card or cash on delivery.

In most cases when you order a food in the traditional way, you have to pay delivery charges depending on your delivery location and restaurant distance but this app does not charge you anything more than what you see in the price chart of the restaurant. There are no hidden charges. You will receive your food at your doorsteps totally free!

In the ordinary way of food ordering you don’t have any option than to not placing the order if the food of your choice is unavailable but in the Tiny Owl app, you can freely check another restaurant in search of the food of your choice if it is not available in the previous restaurant you searched.

In some cases, the app offers exclusive discount coupons or combo offers which is surely a plus point over the normal way of food ordering. This app simply aims at enhancing your dining experience by making the food ordering system efficient and seamless. Already this app is the most used food ordering app in Mumbai. Overall, the app has marked 500000 installations till date and the next is your turn.

Currently, Tiny Owl app service is available only in 5 Indian cities but very soon it will expand. If you are not that lucky yet that you are living in the 5 cities: Bangalore, Hyderabad, Gurgaon, Mumbai or Pune then you have to hold some patience and wait for your city’s turn for the app to cover.

World Environment Day

World Environment Day, which is celebrated on 5th June every year is celebrated this year as well in the whole world including India. Every year environment day is being celebrated with a theme and this year’s theme is “Seven Billion Dreams. One Planet. Consume with Care”. This year, through this theme the message which is being sent to every human on this planet is to protect it. Earth is the only place for our survival with limited resources and limited land to live on. We are seven billion people now on earth, so each of us owes a responsibility towards it.
If we will not respect our earth and it’s resourced everything would come to an end. If we will keep using it without giving a second thought, then our survival on our lovely planet will be difficult. If this will continue for long then there will be a time when our grandchildren will strive for food.
So, this day whole world will be celebrating the environment day by planting a lot of plants and cleaning river. Greenhouse effect and climate change are becoming more serious these days. Every year nature shows it’s side effects in one or another part of the earth in the form of flood or drought. Summers are becoming more hotter and winters are becoming more cooler year by year. The situation is alarming and if not paid attention to the environment it will worsen.

grow trees

Growing trees are the best way to keep our earth cycle normal. Forests need to be protected as the flora and fauna of earth play an important role in keeping the earth worth living. If the natural species would extinct then the balance would not be possible on earth. So every person should plant trees and protect them Use resources thinking that they will last only a few days and need to be used carefully.
Many organizations are becoming aware of protecting the earth and playing an important role in saving it. For example, Zee News launched ‘My Earth, My Duty’ campaign and entered the Limca Book of Records for planting more than 7,300,000 trees in one single day across 34 cities and 250,000 villages on 25 August 2010.
World environment day focuses on issues which need to be tackled to save the earth and avoid harmful consequences. For example, countries like Beijing have smog amount 20 times more than permitted according to World Health Organisation. India’s capital New Delhi is among the most air polluted cities of the world carrying hazardous diseases in its air. A lot of people suffer from breathing problem in Delhi. This air polluting environment is life taking as outdoor air pollution was estimated to cause 3.7 million premature deaths worldwide in 2012.
So, we should all pledge to save our planet earth from further loss of soil, water and air quality. This degradation in quality would kill each of us one day. So before that happens it is essential to take some steps. Prime Minister of India Mr Narendra Modi planted a tree today and spread a message of saving the earth and planting trees. Schools have organized rallies and campaigns to plant saplings in school premises all over India.